Question: What Is A Stair Riser

What do stair risers do?

Stair Riser: Risers are the boards that form the vertical face of each step, creating the “toe kick” area between the stair treads.

What is a stair riser and stair tread?

Stair treads are the horizontal pieces of the staircase that you step or “tread” onto. Stair risers are the vertical “back” pieces of the steps. Most staircases inside the home have a riser for each step. However, other staircases (such as outdoor deck stairs) have an open back and do not use stair risers.

What is a standard stair riser?

Riser Heights In the United States, the step height standard should be between 7 or 7 ¾ inches at the most, and no less than 4 inches. You should follow other measurements if given by local building codes. In Canada, the maximum step riser height is 8 ¼ inches.

What is the difference between a riser and a step?

As nouns the difference between step and riser is that step is an advance or movement made from one foot to the other; a pace while riser is someone or something which rises.

Do risers go behind or on top of treads?

When installing stairs, install the riser first, and then the tread. Start at the bottom of the stairs and work your way up, alternating risers and treads. The back of each tread will sit flush against the riser. Treads and risers fasten with construction adhesive to the subfloor.

What should I use for stair risers?

The top choices of wood for risers would be white oak, poplar. maple or pine. All of these woods have their own properties that make them suitable for making stair risers.

What is riser height for stairs?

Stair riser heights shall be 7 inches (178 mm) maximum and 4 inches (102 mm) minimum. The riser height shall be measured vertically between the leading edges of adjacent treads.

What is a good stair riser height?

The general rule (in the US) is 7-11 (a 7 inch rise and 11 inch run) (17.78cm-27.94cm). More exactly, no more than 7 3/4 inches (19.7cm) for the riser (vertical) and a minimum of 10 inches (25.4cm) for the tread (horizontal or step). You can find some more information here as well on other stair-related dimensions.

Do stairs need risers?

(1) The rise of every step in a stairway shall be not less than 4 inches nor greater than 7 1/2 inches. The largest tread run within any flight of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than 3/8 inch. The greatest riser height within any flight of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than 3/8 inch.

How many stairs do you need to go up 10 feet?

As per thumb rule and various building code or IRC, assume standard design, for 12 feet height of staircase, you will need approximately 21 stairs and for 10 feet height you need 19 stairs to go up.

What is the legal height of a step in Australia?

The Australian Standard contains detailed advice on steps, stairs, landings, guard rails and so on: Rises and goings: All rises (R) and all goings (G), in the same flight of stairs, shall be of uniform dimensions within a tolerance of +/-5mm. For each rise: minimum 130mm, maximum 225mm.

What are the OSHA requirements for stairs?

Stairways must be installed at least 30 degrees —and no more than 50 degrees—from the horizontal. Variations in riser height or stair tread depth must not exceed 1/4 inch in any stairway system, including any foundation structure used as one or more treads of the stairs.

Is an 8 inch step too high?

Building codes in many areas define maximum step height and minimum tread width, but in areas where it is not defined, Council of American Building Officials and International Code Council both recommend the rise to be no more than 7.75 inches and runs to be no less than 10 inches.

What is the flat part of stairs called?

The tread is the flat part of the stair where you step. The riser is the vertical portion of the stair that connects two treads.

What is the wood on the side of stairs called?

A stringer is the support board that runs along each side of the staircase. The treads and risers are fixed into the stringer or stringer board. A staircase always has two stringers. The inner stringer is located against the wall, while the outer stringer is on the side of the staircase open to view.

Do you glue risers?

Installing two risers is one way to ensure proper strength and performance. The important thing is to remember to install riser, tread, riser, tread or install the risers first. Do use both adhesives and fasteners when possible. Do seal the sides of the tread and riser in closed stair wells.

Do you paint treads or risers first?

Once the stairs are ready, it’s best to start by painting the risers. That way, you can remove any paint you get on the treads before staining them; and painted risers are relatively easy to protect from stain.

Do you stain stair treads before or after installation?

Staining and varnishing hardwood treads prior to installation is recommended, especially in this case where we have stone or tile risers. We purchased 11.5-in x 48-in unfinished red oak stair treads from Lowes for about $30 each. Treads should be laid out, sanded if needed, and cleaned prior to applying stain.

Should you paint stair risers?

It’s fairly customary to paint stair risers a bright, glossy white while the stair tread gets a coat of protective stain. While this looks nice in formal spaces, it isn’t always the best choice for all homes.

Can I use plywood for stair risers?

Risers do not have to be made of any thick material, as they provide only minimal structural support. Therefore, they can be made of ½” thick plywood or OSB . Those are normally installed first, with the treads following.

Can a stair riser be 8 inches?

On a main stair, the maximum rise should be no more than 8 1/4 inches and the minimum run should be no less than 9 inches. To determine how many steps, or treads, you need, measure from the top of the finished floor on the lower level to the top of the finished floor on the upper level.

Can stair risers be different heights?

Riser height is measured from top of tread to top of tread of the next step. If these are in the same staircase, then they can only vary 3/8″ between the shortest riser and the tallest riser. Call it out.

Do all stair risers have to be the same height?

Additionally, the riser measurement of all of the treads should be as close as possible to identical. The greatest riser height within a flight of stairs cannot exceed the smallest by more than 3/8 inch. A stairway in which there is a noticeable variation between the risers is a safety hazard.