How High Should A Handrail Be

The top surface of the handrail should be between 34 and 38 inches above the floor, or above the Nosing Line. Some installation guides suggest marking the height by measuring from the nosings of the steps.

Which side should handrail be on stairs?

A landing is required for every 12 feet of vertical stairway rise. If the landing is not enclosed or has an open side, then there should be a handrailing along the open side. Ideally, the railing should not have any interruptions so that it could be held onto during a fall without the hand slipping off.

What are the OSHA requirements for handrail?

The top rail must be at least 42 inches in height (§1910.29(f)(1)(ii)(B)) and the handrail must be 30 to 38 inches in height (§1910.29(f)(1)(i)) (as measured at the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the rail).

How tall are handrails on stairs?

Handrail Height: 34 to 38 Inches Handrail height on the stairs should be no less than 34 inches and no greater than 38 inches. The way this is measured is to begin at the leading edge of the stair nosing and run an imaginary vertical line upward until it reaches the top of the railing.

How high should a banister rail be UK?

UK Regulations for Handrails & Balustrades In all the buildings handrail height should be between 900mm and 1000mm measured from the top of the handrail to the pitch line.

What is the standard height of indoor stair railing?

To meet building code requirements, the stair railing should be mounted so that the top of the handrail height is 34 to 38 in. above the front edge of the stair nosings.

Should handrails be on left or right?

There is no rule, but you should aim for convenience. For example, if a person is holding the rail with his left hand and the stairs go around a corner, the next rail should also be for the left hand. And “cross-over” should not be needed (the rail should be on the inside of the turn, not the outside.).

What height should a newel post be UK?

Commercial properties should be a minimum of 900mm on stairs and 1100mm on landings.

Are handrails needed on both sides of stairs?

Handrails are required on both sides of stairs and must be continuous within the full length of each stair flight.

Why do handrails return to the wall?

Handrail returns are the individual segments connecting the end of a railing to the wall, a newel post, or a surface (like a sidewalk). Returns help protect individuals from the sharp edge of the rail; they also serve as a support system for individuals with mobility issues.

Where do handrails go?

A handrailing or stair railing is installed along one or both sides of an ascending / descending stairway, to provide a safe grasping surface to reduce fall injuries, and where stairways are open, to prevent falls off of the side of the stairs.

Do you have to have a handrail on stairs UK?

Handrails are mandatory. Stairs should have a handrail on at least one side if they are less than one metre wide, and on both sides if wider than this. Handrails should be placed between 900mm and 1000mm above the highest point on the staircase steps.

How far apart should handrail brackets be?

We recommend spacing the Brackets 36 to 48 inches apart. In most cases, it is desirable to transition the Handrail past the last stair with a horizontal rail of 6 to 12 inches. Some local codes require this extension be 12 inches. Contact your local authorities to confirm requirements.

How many steps can you have without a handrail?

(2) Stairways having less than four risers need not have handrails or stair railings.

Where should a handrail start and stop?

In residential settings, handrails conform to some but not all elements of the ADA Guidelines. The railing must be continuous, starting at the nosing of the upper landing and extending at a minimum to the nosing of the lowest step or “riser”.

Does a handrail need a return?

Handrail extensions must return to a wall, itself or the walking surface. Note: While it is a common practice to leave a gap between a wall return and the wall, some inspectors have rejected this as they consider it a return toward the wall and not a return to the wall.

What is the minimum head height for stairs?

Stairs should have a minimum of 2m clear head room (H) over the entire length and width of the stairway and landing, as measured vertically from the pitch line or landing.

What angle are stairs UK?

The individual rise must be between 150mm and 220mm. The individual going must be between 220mm and 300mm. The Pitch of the stair cannot be greater than 42 degrees.

How many brackets do I need for handrail?

How many brackets do you need for a handrail? When installing a handrail, you will require one handrail bracket at the top and another at the bottom of the rail. Extra brackets should also be installed in between the two main ones, normally spaced 48 inches apart (32 inches for round and oval handrails).

How many risers before you need a handrail?

Building Codes The building code does not refer to the number of “steps” but it does require a handrail when there are two or more “risers”. For clarification, a “riser” is the vertical portion of a stair. The “tread” is the top of a step. A two riser minimum would translate to two steps.